Anxiety as a psychological disorder from a different perspective.
Individuals cannot rest, individuals cannot eat, individuals cannot discuss. All they can do is just think about how to get things done to get rid of fear. Which constantly puts pressure on things that will most likely never happen, and makes unwanted considerations that can lead to depression and support other mental problems. This tension can destroy the existence of many. It comes calmly without notice of presence and develops in late life. General Anxiety Disorder (GAD).
Anxiety is a typical reaction to stress or stressful situations. Muscle tension, avoidance, and other physical change are healthy for a human being. Anxiety becomes unhealthy when it is persistent and begins classification as a clinical problem when it exaggerates normal reactions and destroys human life.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fifth edition. DSM-5. (2013) Persistent stress, fear and anxiety, often unrationed avoidance, automatic thoughts fight or flight and create unnecessary danger by the mind, associated with feeling shakes and difficulty to relax, those are only a few critical aspects to describe an Anxiety Disorder. Also, an uncomfortable state of mind, overwhelming worry and fear. Changed physical and psychological symptoms such as heart palpitation, nausea, self-doubt and difficulty to cope with these traits. Show the broad effects of Anxiety Disorder. However, there are no specific boundaries to explain this type of disorder, and nothing is black and white in the present system of diagnosis. An experience of Anxiety built in childhood can be expressed in adult life through nightmares or other stressful events like lack of concentration, overly sensitives, paranoiac events and chronic fatigue. (DSM-5)
Main types of Anxiety Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, OCD, where anxiety is recognised by unwanted thoughts like obsessions, often unrealistic and repetitive behaviours known as a compulsion. (DSM-5). Not necessary only washing regularly hands that could be repetitive cleaning or array items or never-ending checking that everything is correct in the same place and counting other ritual behaviours.
Panic disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder and is recognised by unexpected episodes with physical symptoms similar to a heart attack or cardiac arrest that may include chest pain, heart palpitations, and is nothing to heart disease, just the heart bit faster than usual. Other symptoms are; an issue with revised breathing, dazedness, or stomach trouble and extraordinary dread. (DSM-5)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder from past traumatic experiences that could be war, car accident or other traumatic events.
Social Phobia, also known as a Social Anxiety Disorder, (SAD) is an anxiety disorder characterised by overwhelming, overthinking, fear of public speaking or eating in front of others. But only one symptom is enough to find a person with SAD. (DSM-5).
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterised by chronic fear, muscle tension and excessive worry, even when there is little or nothing to provoke the individual.
Excessive anxiety and worry (apprehensive expectation), occurring often and more protracted than six months. That could be school or other public events. The person finds it difficult to control such stress and fear. The following symptoms or just a few of them are characteristic for Generalised Anxiety Disorder;
- Easily fatigued.
- Problem with concentration
- Sleep difficulty
- Muscle tension
The individual is frightful or restless about or avoidant of social collaborations and circumstances that include the likelihood of being examined. These incorporate social associations, for example, meeting new individuals and circumstances in which the individual performs before others. The psychological ideation is of being contrarily assessed by others, by being humiliated, embarrassed, or dismissed, or affronting others (DSM-5)
Moreover, only one of the symptoms with children is enough to recognise anxiety. Another mental issue does not better clear up the disturbance (e.g., strain or worry over having caution strikes in solidifying the issue. A negative appraisal in common apprehension issues [social phobia], polluting or distinctive obsessions in over the top eager issues. Segments from association figures in division uneasiness issue, signs of terrible incidents in posttraumatic push issue, putting on weight in anorexia nervosa, physical protests insignificant reaction issue, saw appearance defects in body dysmorphic mess, having an honest to goodness affliction in illness pressure.
The anxiety has a significant effect on everyday life functioning like a workplace, public events, and other social interaction. The unsettling influence is not inferable from the physiological impacts of a substance (e.g., a medication of manhandling, a solution) or another restorative condition for instance hyperthyroidism. (DSM-5)
The primary root issue of anxiety is growing in an unhealthy dysfunctional family where there is substance abuse, bullying or assault and another stressful event. However, there are also other stressful situations in adulthood like college exams, interviews or losing a job. Anxiety is an epidemic amid young people, school adolescents and other new generations of people. It is growing fast and evolving among social media and new culture expectations.
A significant impact for young people is social media where they create a random picture of expectation in a local group; how we look today, what we eat or are we good enough to fit in nowadays environment. Anxiety is growing too fast today in the young generation. Also, some evidence shows the existence of anxiety in infants and could be brought from a genetic way. In an early stage of life, the stress box in the limbic brain plays a crucial role in human emotional development.
In the next article I will talk about the treatment for Anxiety included Cognitive Behaviour Therapy CBT . See you soon.