The Id, Ego and Superego.

Today will be continuous of Freud’s Psychoanalytical thinking, including the Id, Ego & Superego.

In the 1920’s, Sigmund Freud named three parts of the human mind which were the basis for the structure of the personality. Freud named these as being the Id, which is concerned with the pleasure principle. The ego was involved with the reality principle and consciousness as a full awareness of the superego which is related to the morality principle as preconscious and unconscious beyond our awareness and inaccessible. All of them are playing an essential role in the function of our behaviour and each in conflict with one another beyond a person’s consciousness.

The Id.

The Id component is with us since birth, and it can be inherited. It is entirely unconscious, comprising instinctive and primitive behaviours. Our psychoanalytic Freud believed that the Id was the main component of nature. Driven by the pleasure principle, what is interesting here, if we gave free rein to our Id, the element of our psyche could lead to behaviour that would be socially unacceptable and disruptive. As indicated by Freud’s psychoanalytic hypothesis of personality, the Id is the identity segment composed of oblivious mystic vitality that attempts to fulfil fundamental urges, needs, and wants. The Id works dependent on the joy rule, which requests prompt delight of requirements. The Id is one of the three remarkable parts of identity hypothesised by Freud, the Id, sense of self, and superego. The Id is essential in young children because it allows them to make sure their basic needs like eating or drinking, are met. The functions of Id are in the irrational and emotional part of the mind. At birth, a baby’s brain is loaded with full Id for all babies needs.

The Ego.

Freud asserted that the Ego mediates the demands of the Id and the Superego, finding a middle road that is realistic within the surrounding world. The Ego is a gathering with three other levels of consciousness and it is developed during the first three years of life. The Ego is the conscious and reasoning aspect of the mind. Moreover, it is an element of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality and it endeavours to satisfy the Id’s wishes in realistic and socially appropriate alternatives. The Ego precludes us from acting on our basic urges but also works to accomplish a balance with our moral and idealistic standards. The Ego concerns concentrate  itself with a more rational, problem-solving state of mind and will try to rethink solutions until the problem is solved. This is sometimes known as “reality testing”.


This aspect of the personality, called Superego, is the last to develop, emerging when the child is around five years of age; it holds the standards and ideals that the child takes on from our caregivers. It tries to suppress the Id’s urges and to make the Ego act in an idealistic as opposed to realistic way. The superego also operates at all three levels of consciousness. Superego is concerned with self-criticism, self-observation and idealism. The superego becomes an embodiment of parental and societal values. It stores and enforces rules. It continually strives for perfection, even though this perfection ideal may be quite far from reality or possibility of individuals. However, this element of our psyche will be working to implement new regulations and behaviours. This work will be coming from its ability to create anxiety, the final effect will be exchanged again for the perfectionism of surrounding morals and ethics.

Speaking of Id, Ego and Superego, one must remember that these are not three separate beings with clearly defined boundaries. These aspects of personality are dynamic and always interact with people to influence the overall personality and behaviour of the individual.

For fun and understanding, ask two more people to make that exercise. Let’s say you are the Ego. On the left could be your Id and on the right will be the superego. Now both Id and Superego start to speak loud to you at the same time in the same subjects.

Both have different opinions as they were built on different core beliefs and values. Do you remember? You are the EGO and you have to make the correct decision. So, in the end, you see how difficult a job the Ego makes.

The horse is the Id, and the rider is like ego which controls the movement. (Freud, 1923, p.15)

Published by Marcin Bogucki

Counselling & Psychotherapy for both English and Polish speakers.

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