Schema Therapy

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JEFFREY YOUNG’S SCHEMA THERAPY.

Schema Therapy was developed by Jeffrey Young and other supporters who adopted that technique from CBT in the 1980s, alongside components of Attachment theory, Gestalt and Psycho-dynamic Approaches. 

Schema Therapy has four main points; 

• Early Maladaptive Schema, which has eighteen other schemas, for instance; emotional deprivation, undeveloped self, or negativity and pessimism which are all early schemas developed during childhood. 

• Core Emotional Needs 

• Schema Mode, 

• Maladaptive Coping Styles 

Common Dysfunctional Coping Styles and Responses 

This is surrender as a repeating module, overcompensation and doing the opposite of our feelings, avoidance as an escape or to stop our schema. Overcompensation responses include aggression, dominance or passive aggression. In surrender the client will “freeze” and find compliance and dependence, and maladaptive avoidance such as “flight” results in social and psychological withdrawal. (Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003).

This explains why individuals behave in a particular way during adulthood. One of schema therapy’s aims is to help clients understand their behaviour and take action to change maladaptive behaviour (Young et al., 2003).


If her past were your past, her pain your pain, her level of consciousness your level of consciousness, you would think and act exactly as she does. With this realization comes forgiveness, compassion and peace.

Eckhart Tolle

Published by Marcin Bogucki

Counselling & Psychotherapy for both English and Polish speakers.

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