How does psychotherapy work ?
The purpose and nature of counselling and psychotherapy is helping people with their emotional crisis on how to solve those problems and make their own decisions. Usually it is a dialogue between two people or a group where one person is a counsellor and others called a client in the modern world. Still you can find that the person attend for counselling is call a patient. If you think about patients, we can meet them in psychiatric wards and other hospitals. Patient is a person more described in case of medical support but not necessary in the counselling and psychotherapy field.
Counsellor should have a non-judgmental role with good listening skills and help resolve some problems but never give advice or directly encourage the clients.
By counselling, we can try to “resolve problems” but we never can expect the counsellor to resolve the issue for us. Counselling is known as psychotherapy as well as a part of psychology. Counselling Psychology etc. It is needed where we have difficult feelings which are discomposed in basic life. The profession of counselling can find it in many areas as a teacher and youth workers and all education areas where they will direct young people. Many counsellors we can meet in Social Work however, the work and duties can be different from one to another, but always will follow the knowledge, experience and code of ethics in that field.
Psychotherapists can work with individuals after accident and disaster time to counsel the victim and their families to give mental support to dealing with difficulties which clients need to face and in many different events during the life, like pre-marriage counselling or divorce.
Change of job, stress related to job or any traumas since birth to death which often are difficult to hold and is not of our choice that something happens.
Basically, counselling takes place when two people can talk in confidential and private situations where a client can explore himself. Where in a professional way the client can understand his life. All the issues discussed in the session should be confidential and never shared with other people. By counselling or therapy, we should understand our own feelings, build confidence and receive empathy.
As we know counselling and psychotherapy have similar roles nevertheless counselling can be used in basic sessions whereas psychotherapy is used to deal with the deep-rooted issue. However that names are rechargeable or used together, it depends on the country of practice and their regulations.
Where else do counsellors work?
The counsellor can help when it is properly prepared for the profession and has the appropriate education too. The counsellor could help others when people can’t manage themselves, when they hold depression, any mood disorder or some life problems like divorce, eating problems, sexual health, trauma, anxiety or addiction.
A counsellor could help in many places where it’s needed and where the profession is required, such as the workplace, schools, police ( garda) station, nurse home or disability society, on the disaster, catastrophe or any accidents and in many voluntary agencies.
Many counsellors and psychotherapists start work as a volunteer in charity or similar organisation till they get an accreditation from particular body. Many of us stay with some organizations to get more experience and wonderful practice.