There are fear among us.

Perceiving your own fear or anxiety can have many faces, as well as various behaviors, through freezing out of fear or aggressive behavior caused by defense patterns formed during our lives. Anxiety as a mental disorder is viewed in many ways and from different perspectives. Depending on the knowledge and understanding of the recipient and the owner of such dysfunction. We often interpret such behavior differently, but only because such disorders are often not visible, it is not a plaster hand or a meaningful headache.

People with a strong anxiety disorder will struggle with adequate rest, eating, sometimes trivial activities or having loose social conversations. Such people remain in a strong inner medicine and a rush of thoughts that they do not understand themselves, and the outside world perceives such behavior as absurd. Such thoughts are like flowing lava and almost never stop appearing, and for the wrong ones, they are rational thoughts and classified as dysfunctional negative thoughts. The constant pressure of everyday life causes even greater stress and often leads to depression. Ignoring such conditions often leads to deterioration of health in general. Conditions such as migraines and other chronic headaches, muscle and skeletal pain, problems with the stomach and other internal organs can appear. A strong anxiety can lead to relationship disorders; as in communication, also in the intimate field. Such constant tension can destroy the existence of many. It comes unexpectedly and thrives in every period of our lives. Side effects of untreated anxiety exceed the number of more than fifty diseases that are often misinterpreted, but also generally known, such as chest pain, palpitations, dry mouth and others that are often incomprehensible even to ourselves.

Anxiety itself is a common reaction to stress or stressful situations. Muscle strain, preparation to flee or fight, such physical changes are healthy for a person, but chronic anxiety and anxiety becomes already unhealthy and can be classified as a clinical problem, as it interferes with our basic life reactions and destroys human life.

According to the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Persistent stress, fear and anxiety, often irrational avoidance, automatic fight or flight thoughts, creating unnecessary danger to the mind by experiencing seizures and difficulty in relaxing, are just a few of the critical aspects describing an anxiety disorder. Also, an unpleasant state of mind, overwhelming anxiety and fear. Altered physical and mental symptoms such as fatigue, self-doubt, and difficulty coping with these traits show the broad effects of anxiety disorders. However, there are no specific boundaries to explain this type of disorder, and nothing is black and white in the current diagnosis system. The experience of anxiety built-in childhood can be expressed in adulthood through nightmares or other stressful events such as lack of concentration, oversensitivity, paranoia, and chronic fatigue. (DSM-5) 

I am aware that many of us perfectly recognize the above-mentioned behaviours, but it is also worth knowing that not only the experiences from adolescence will affect such anxiety reactions, but also the current lifestyle, including professional pressures, as well as social.

The main types of anxiety disorders include:

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), in which anxiety is recognized by unwanted thoughts such as obsessions, often unrealistic and repetitive behaviors known as compulsions. (DSM-5) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). Not just washing your hands regularly, but also obsessing over cleaning or stacking items repeatedly, or constantly checking that everything is alright in the same place, and numerous other almost ritualistic behaviors. 

Another is panic disorder, which is classified as an anxiety disorder and is recognized by unexpected episodes with physical symptoms similar to a heart attack or cardiac arrest, which may include chest pain, and palpitations, and has nothing to do with heart disease, just heart disease beats faster than usual. Other symptoms include; problem with altered breathing, lightheadedness or stomach problems and unusual anxiety. (DSM-5) Although there is no evidence that such reactions in our bodies lead to death, the panic attacks discussed here, often when they first appear, are understood as having a heart attack. 

Then,posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD is an anxiety disorder resulting from past traumatic experiences that could be as a war, car accident, or another traumatic event. By avoiding places and situations that remind us of an event. Not to be confused here with agoraphobia where the assumptions and behavior will be similar but not classified as pa ost-traumatic stress disorder.

Also,social anxiety disorder, also known as social anxiety disorder, is an anxiety disorder characterized by overwhelming, over-thinking, fear of speaking in 

 or eating in the presence of others. As well as making new friends and other social interactions, one symptom is not enough to perceive such a person with a given disorder. It often happens that in restaurants we first go to the bar, and then to or start a conversation.

Finally, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic anxiety, muscle tension, and excessive anxiety, even when there is nothing that can cause a person to think like this, that is, there are no external factors that can cause given dysfunction and appears involuntarily. Excessive anxiety and worry occur frequently and last longer than six months. It could be a school or other public event. It is difficult for a person to control such stress and fear that appears out of nowhere. The following symptoms or only a few of them are characteristic of generalized anxiety disorder; restlessness, easy fatigue, difficulty concentrating, difficulty falling asleep, and maintaining full sleep. Muscle tension, leg twitching, tapping with fingers or with objects in the hands such as a pen, etc. Teeth grinding or clenching during the day, sensitivity to external factors. These are only a few behaviors and the letter can be very long, which can also lead to misinterpretation and diagnosis.

The psychological idea of ​​developing and understanding an anxiety is based on perceiving the environment contrary to the intended one, frequent feelings of being judged by others, criticism and irrational understanding of the fact, which leads to rejection and underestimation of one’s own values. Seeing yourself as inferior and not worthy of recognition and general respect. Simple examples are “that I’m poorly dressed”, “I better not say anything”, “anyway, no one is listening to me” etc.

The main problem of anxiety grows in an unhealthy dysfunctional family with substance abuse, intimidation or assaults and other stressful events. However, other stressful situations also occur in adulthood, such as college exams, job interviews, or losing your job. Anxiety is an epidemic among young people, schoolchildren and other new generations of people. It is growing rapidly and is evolving amid social media and new cultural expectations.

Social media have a significant impact on young people, where they create a random picture of expectations in the local group; what we look like today, what we eat, or are we good enough to fit in with today’s peers’ expectations. In the younger generation, anxiety grows too fast today. In addition, some evidence points to the existence of anxiety in infants which may come from genetics. In early life, the stress in the limbic brain plays a key role in emotional development. But its excess and lack of justification lead to emotional dysfunction, which translates into our irrational behavior and again into the way we think about ourselves and the world around us.

Published by Marcin Bogucki

Counselling & Psychotherapy for both English and Polish speakers.

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